Thursday, July 3, 2008
Everything You Know About Oil Is Wrong
Myth Vs. Reality:
Myth: Oil Comes From Biological Organisms
Reality: No biological organism has ever been observed miraculously transforming into hydrocarbons. The Second Law of Thermodynamics prevents that from ever happening.
Myth: Oil Is Formed In The Earth's Crust
Reality: In 2002, the National Academy of Sciences published a paper which proves that the complex polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons found in outer space and on Earth can only be formed at pressures above 30 kilobar, which corresponds to a depth of about 100 kilometers deep in the Earth's mantle. (No biological molecule can survive at such a depth because it is hotter than the critical point of water).
Myth: Oil Is Only Found In Sediments
Reality: Oil is found in volcanic igneous rocks. See here, here, here, and here.
Myth: Biomarkers Are Found In Oil
Reality: In 2007 ICP-MS analysis proved that all oil has inorganic geochemistry. Also see here.