Geoffrey P. Glasby is a so-called "chemist" at the University of Göttingen. In 2006, while at the University of Tokyo, he wrote an ontological (no offense to Ontologists) critique of reality in Resource Geology titled Abiogenic Hydrocarbons: An Historical Overview (also available here if you don't have Adobe).
There are so many factual errors in this paper that I assert it's impossible that it was peer reviewed and, if it was in fact peer reviewed, I would like to know the names of the illiterates who did so.
I have therefore decided to list the many factual errors of Geoffrey P. Glasby using his own words.
Factual error #1)
Thomas Gold's theory involves...the formation of higher hydrocarbons from methane in the upper layers of the Earth's crust.That is incorrect. First of all it's not Thomas Gold's theory. More importantly, Thomas Gold's so-called "theory" involves the formation of higher hydrocarbons in the mantle. As Thomas Gold wrote in 1993, "Advances in high-pressure thermodynamics have shown that the pressure-temperature regime of the Earth would allow hydrocarbon molecules to be formed and to survive between the surface and a depth of 100 to 300 km." A depth of 100 to 300 km is clearly not in the crust. On the contrary, and unfortunately for Mr. Glasby, it is biogenic theory which states hydrocarbons are formed in the earth's crust which Glasby notes in the Abstract, is "not possible on thermodynamic grounds". Glasby writes, and I quote, "Formation of higher hydrocarbons in the upper layers of the Earth's crust occurs only as the result of Fischer-Tropsch-type reactions in the presence of hydrogen gas but is otherwise not possible on thermodynamic grounds." Therefore biogenic theory is invalid.
Factual error #2)
The theories of...N.A. Kudryavtsev and V.A. Porfir'ev...were too abstract and geologically too vague to be of practical use.In what way is drilling past 15,000 feet and into igneous rock "too abstract and too vague to be of practical use"? This claim is laughable.
Factual error #3)
The Soviet theory of deep, abiotic petroleum origins was never a driving force in the major oil fields as it's proponents claim.So why did they drill past 15,000 feet TVD and into igneous rock?
Factual error #4)
The upper mantle is too oxidizing to permit methane from being the dominant form of carbon to be there.How does Mr. Glasby know that the mantle is too oxidizing for methane to form there? Has he been to the mantle lately? Glasby offers no citation for this claim and, in fact, he cites precisely the opposite (Vernadsky 1933). However no abiotic theorist ever claimed that methane is the dominant form of carbon in the mantle.
Factual error #5)
These data show that the majority of the world's oil and gas is very young with 50% generated since the Oligocene.However, Klemme and Ulmishek actually concluded "The concentration of [so-called] source rocks in these several stratigraphic intervals demonstrates uneven distribution of [so-called] source rocks in time." The reality is there is no such thing as so-called source rocks.
"The elemental distribution in the crude oil from all studied deposits does not match such of any known crustal rock." -- Kirill S. Ivanov, 2007.
Factual error #6)
The mantle is too oxidizing for methane to form there in abundance.If the mantle is too oxidizing for methane to form in the mantle, how does Mr. Glasby propose that methane forms in the earth's crust? Oxygen is the most abundant element in the earths crust and comprises 46.6% of the earth's crust by mass. Once again Glasby offers no citation for the claim that oxidation is only possible in the earth's mantle but not in the earth's crust. In fact, he cited precisely the opposite (Vernadsky 1933) and I quote Glasby directly "with increasing depth in the earth's crust the oxygen content would decrease to zero, and the content of hydrogen would increase leading to the formation of hydrocarbons at depth." For the record, methane in the atmosphere has a half life of 7 years. More importantly, according to Oleg Sorokhtin, Ph.D.(Physics and Mathematics), of the Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Oceanology, formation of methane REQUIRES oxidation:
Oleg Sorokhtin also said that abiogenous methane is likely to be found on the lake bed. The gas evolves from oxidation of material from the earth's interior rising through the split between continental plates. Mantle rock contains liquid iron, causing the emissions of methane, which is involved in the carbon cycle.Furthermore the National Academy of Sciences would, yet again, seem to disagree with Mr. Glasby: Generation of methane in the Earth's mantle: In situ high pressure–temperature measurements of carbonate reduction.
"I don't think anybody's arguing that gas couldn't be generated from the mantle." -- Barry J. Katz, 2002