"... while Meriones gave Odysseus a bow and a quiver
and a sword; and he too put over his head a helmet
fashioned of leather; on the inside the cap was cross-strung firmly
with thongs of leather, and on the outer side the white teeth
of a tusk-shining boar were close sewn one after another
with craftsmanship and skill; and a felt was set in the centre."
-- Homer, poet, Iliad, Book X, 260-255, 8th century B.C.
Geologists Investigate Trojan Battlefield, BBC, Feb 2003
Homer's description of the Trojan battlefield in his classic poem the Iliad is accurate, say scientists. ...Also see: Early Helmets, Middle Helmets, and Late Helmets.
The researchers drilled sediments in northwest Turkey to map how the coastline would have looked around the city more than 2,000 years ago when Homer constructed his epic account of the war.
When they compared their findings with his descriptions of the Trojan plain, they found a match.
Speaking to BBC World Service programme Science In Action, John Luce from Trinity College Dublin, explained the study's significance.
"It has to be taken seriously that the Homeric picture of the fighting at Troy is in close accord with the geological findings," he said. ...
Reinterpreting the written material led Dr Luce to "swing the axis of fighting round to a different viewpoint west of Troy".
In so doing, Dr Luce and colleagues have shown that Schliemann's location for Troy does agree with Homer's accounts of the battle.
This research is described in the journal Geology.