Monday, February 28, 2011

Imhotep = Joseph

Interpreter of Dreams

"And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren: and they hated him yet the more." -- Genesis 37:5

"And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words." -- Genesis 37:8

"And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me." -- Genesis 37:9

"Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast hath devoured him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams." -- Genesis 37:20

"And it came to pass in the morning that his [Pharaoh Djoser's] spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh." -- Genesis 41:8

"And there was there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret." -- Genesis 41:12

"And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I have dreamed a dream, and there is none that can interpret it: and I have heard say of thee, that thou canst understand a dream to interpret it." -- Genesis 41:15

"And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, It is not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an answer of peace." -- Genesis 41:16

7 Year Famine/Djoser Famine Stela

"And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, The dream of Pharaoh is one: God hath shewed Pharaoh what he is about to do. The seven good kine are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years: the dream is one. And the seven thin and ill favoured kine that came up after them are seven years; and the seven empty ears blasted with the east wind shall be seven years of famine. This is the thing which I have spoken unto Pharaoh: What God is about to do he sheweth unto Pharaoh. Behold, there come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt: And there shall arise after them seven years of famine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and the famine shall consume the land; And the plenty shall not be known in the land by reason of that famine following; for it shall be very grievous. And for that the dream was doubled unto Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass. Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years. And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities. And that food shall be for store to the land against the seven years of famine, which shall be in the land of Egypt; that the land perish not through the famine." -- Genesis 41:25-36


"And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art:" -- Genesis 41:39


"Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnathpaaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt." -- Genesis 41:40-45

"And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth." -- Genesis 42:6

"Then Judah came near unto him, and said: 'Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant; for thou art even as Pharaoh." -- Genesis 44:18

20% Taxation

"And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth part, except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh's." -- Genesis 47:26


"And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel." -- Genesis 50:2

Lived to Be 110

"So Joseph died, being an hundred and ten years old: and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt." -- Genesis 50:26

I m hotep i.e. the voice of I am

"And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you." -- Exodus 3:14

"Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am." -- John 8:58

430 Years Between Djoser and Pepi II Neferkare

"Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years." -- Exodus 12:40

"And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt." -- Exodus 12:41

Missing Mummy

"And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you." -- Exodus 13:19

Lord of his House

"He sent a man before them, even Joseph, who was sold for a servant:
Whose feet they hurt with fetters: he was laid in iron:
Until the time that his word came: the word of the LORD tried him.
The king sent and loosed him; even the ruler of the people, and let him go free.
He made him lord of his house, and ruler of all his substance:
To bind his princes at his pleasure; and teach his senators wisdom." -- Psalm 105:17-22

"... the Joseph story originated about the seventeenth [sic] century BC...." -- Solomon A. Birnbaum, historian, The Leviticus Fragments From the Cave, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, Number 118, Pages 20-27, Apr 1950

Fielding J.W., The Status of Arthrodesis of the Cervical Spine, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery of America, Number 70, Pages 1571-1574, 1988
Probably the first reference to a surgical procedure performed on the cervical spine is found in the Edwin Smith Papyrus, which dates to the reign of Pharaoh Djoser (2686 to 2613 B.C.), the second Pharaoh of the Third Dynasty. This amazing document, more than 4,000 years old, currently the property of the New York Academy of Medicine, is attributed to Imhotep Vizer. With incredible accuracy, considering the time when the document was written. The author identified cervical sprains, vertebral displacements and dislocations, and even levels of damage to the spinal cord.
Ramsey, C.B., et al., Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt, Science, Volume 328, Number 5985, Pages 1554-1557, Jun 2010
Our radiocarbon data indicate that the New Kingdom started between 1570 and 1544 B.C.E., and the reign of Djoser in the Old Kingdom started between 2691 and 2625 B.C.E.; both cases are earlier than some previous historical estimates.


Jeffery Keown said...

So, assuming this is accurate, and it appears to be, did the Hebrews "steal" Imhotep? Add him to their cultural heritage as Joseph? Or do you suppose the funnel of the Bible merely eliminates all the other folks that could "claim" him as an ancestor, and we don't see it in modern scholarship? Historical tunnel-vision,if you will.

I think the Bible partially blinds one to history, giving a very complete, if biased, view of actual events. It has a great deal of focus on one group out of so many that lived back then.

Also, does this mean that the world was created in 6 days?

OilIsMastery said...

I don't think the Hebrews "stole" Imhotep but rather that Imhotep = Joseph. Egyptian history is Hebrew history. Hebrew history also includes Babylonian, Persian, Greek and Roman histories.

I'm not a Biblical fundamentalist because I think 1 Kings 6:1 should read 1480th year not 480th year.

As for whether or not the world was created in 6 days I think you'd have to ask God that question.

Jeffery Keown said...

I do not think you are a Fundamentalist regarding the Bible.

That aside, are you of the opinion that the Isrealites were slaves to the Egyptians? There does not seem to be a great deal of evidence of it outside of the Bible.

OilIsMastery said...

I think that the Egyptians had Hapiru and Shasu slaves and boasted of them.

"Indeed, gold and lapis lazuli, silver and turquoise, carnelian and amethyst, Ibhet-stone and [. . .] are strung on the necks of maidservants." -- Ipuwer

"Rameses III presented 113,000 slaves to the temples during the coarse of his reign. ... It is surprising that a civilization so ruthless in its exploitation of labor should have known -- or recorded -- so few revolts." -- Will Durant

On two stelae at Memphis and Karnak, Thutmose III's son Amenhotep II boasts of having made 89,600 prisoners in his campaign in Canaan (around 1420 BC), including "127 princes and 179 nobles(?) of Retenu, 3600 Apiru, 15,200 Shasu, 36,600 Hurrians", etc.

Quantum_Flux said...

could be, right?

Fungus FitzJuggler III said...

Josep ?