MSNBC: The Archaeology of Christianity.
First reference to Christ?
Does the world’s first known reference to Christ refer to him as a magician? An inscription on a bowl uncovered from the underwater ruins of Alexandria in Egypt reads “DIA CHRSTOU O GOISTAIS,” which archaeologists translate to mean either “by Christ the magician” or “the magician by Christ.” The bowl dates to between the late second century B.C. and the early first century.
If the word “Christ” does indeed refer to the biblical Jesus Christ, then it would be the first known written reference to Christ and might provide evidence that Christianity and paganism at times intertwined in the ancient world. The archaeologists who discovered the bowl think that a magus could have practiced fortune telling rituals with the bowl and used the name Jesus to legitimize his supernatural powers. At the time, the people of Alexandria were likely aware of stories about Jesus' miracles, such as turning water into wine and multiplying loaves of bread.