Monday, June 9, 2008

Solid Hydrocarbons Found In Pillow Lava

Basalt and andesite are the two most common igneous rocks of volcanic and magmatic origin. When a submarine volcano erupts underwater or flows into the sea, it forms basalt and andesite pillow lava.

In Mitov, Czech Republic, "solid bitumin," i.e. hydrocarbons, have been directly observed in pillow lava. This can leave no doubt, save in the mind (or lack thereof) of the most dogmatic biogenic fundamentalist, that hydrocarbons have a volcanic origin. However a biogenic origin is assumed without any evidence whatsoever based upon prejudice, ignorance, and a lack of education. Evidence for fullerenes in solid bitumen from pillow lavas of Proterozoic age from Mítov.

Andesitic pillow lavas containing biogenic, solid bitumen (SB) are a constituent of a Neoproterozoic volcanosedimentary sequence (Teplá-Barrandian unit, Bohemian Massif) in the Mítov area of the Czech Republic.
How can molten igneous Proterozoic pillow lava contain biogenic hydrocarbons? What evidence is there that the bitumin is biogenic? They just ASSUME it's biogenic because it's a hydrocarbon. Wouldn't the lava melt the bitumin if it were biogenic?

Fullerenes (C60) were observed in the "bitumin." Fullerenes have also been observed in Shungite which is elemental igneous carbon.

Unearthing Buckyballs.

When Buseck and Tsipursky told Hettich that the rock had come from Russia and not a meteorite, he was somewhat surprised. "In the laboratory," says Hettich, "fullerenes are created in an atmosphere of inert gases, like helium, because common diatomic gases, like nitrogen and oxygen inhibit fullerene growth. This is why fullerenes are not found in ordinary soot, like that in household fireplaces. It seemed more likely to find naturally occurring fullerenes in meteorites, where interaction with these gases would be less of a problem."
It should be obvious that the geological source of helium for fullerene generation is in the mantle.

More recently, C60 and C70 have also been found in a sample of glassy rock from the mountains of Colorado. Known as a fulgurite, this type of rock structure is formed when lightning strikes the ground.
Maybe life started when lightning struck a mud puddle after all although this has yet to be repeated in laboratory experiments.

Busek, Tsipursky, and Hettich speculated in a 1992 paper that lightning strikes could provide conditions that are favorable for the formation of buckyballs.

The shungite fullerenes are notable not only for their earthly origin, but also because they may have been formed as solids--most laboratory-created fullerenes are grown in the gas phase. "This is the first example of solid-phase fullerene growth," says Hettich, "It has raised a lot of questions about how the rock was formed, how old it is, and how its composition may have changed over time. Because the shungite sample may be volcanic in origin, you can imagine conditions, like those in a volcano, that would be hot enough to form fullerenes and, at the same time, have little or no oxygen or nitrogen present. But right now, no one is sure exactly how these fullerenes were produced."

"This kind of discovery raises more questions than it answers," says Hettich, "but that's not necessarily a bad thing."--Jim Pearce
Thomas Gold On Geologists, Oil,& Volcanoes.

What led you to think the liquids holding open these pores might be hydrocarbons left over from the Earth's creation?
Probably reading Arthur Holmes, who had written so many things that were egocentric expressions of opinion. He was the great father of geology - and still is - but I found his work quite shocking.

Shocking in what way?
Whenever he discussed some facts that were inconvenient, he would say that they should not be taken seriously, that it was purely due to chance. He far exceeded his information with the opinions that were mixed in - statements like, "Oil is not found in association with coal except accidentally, and not found in volcanic areas except accidentally." Look at the arc of Indonesia, from Burma to New Guinea: It's far more earthquakey than any other place we know. It makes lots of small, deep earthquakes, it's along exactly that belt that you have volcanoes - and you have petroleum along the whole of the line. "Never found in association with volcanoes except accidentally" - that's a hell of an accident.
Petroleum and Tectonic Map of Southeast Asia. The relationship of the hydrocarbon deposits to the geological area in whole, independent of geological age and rock type, is easily seen. A common chemical signature links these oils of diverse geological, but close geographical location. The relationship of the deposits to both mountain and volcano formation zones indicates upwelling hydrocarbons as the primary driving force for such diverse geological phenomena.


Anaconda said...



(OIM) Post, Methane Clouds Signal Earthquakes, June 9, 2008, Comment #1, "Fossil" Theory Retards Accurate Understanding of Earth's Geo-Mechanics, 6/10/08.

The above comment would have been better placed after this post. In this post there are numerous examples where geologists ignore the clear import of their observations to pay homage to their preconceived notions based on "fossil" theory.

How much scientific understanding has been delayed by this repetitive reflex to empty Idol worship?

The link or association between hydrocarbons and volcanic activity is all too apparent looking at the above map of Southeast Asia, yet one of geology's titans is completely blind to this fact.

There is only one reason for his blindness: Any facts, inconsistent with his belief in "fossil" theory, were to be ignored or diminished to "accident."

And, similarily, one of the Peak oil pushers' favorite denouncements of abiotic oil is to point out that abiotic theory states there is a relationship between oil and volcanism, and then state confidently, there is no relationship between the two, and point lazily to the Hawaiian Islands' volcanoes, as if that proves their point and ends the discussion.

This kind of blindness only serves to point out how fraudulent and ignorant most Peak oil pushers really are, when it comes to actual geology.

Their political agenda outweighs all appeals to truth or reason.

How much more tragic and fraudulent when trained geologists do the same thing when reporting on scientific observations?

The ignominy is stunning.

OilIsMastery said...

Needless to say I concur. Scientists need to reexamine their prejudices and biases if they are indeed scientists. If they are Shamans of Voodoo, by all means, they should keep them...=)

Anyone who points to Hawaii or Iceland as evidence of noncorrelation between volcanism and hydrocarbons must not realize that drilling is politically ilegal in Hawaii and Iceland is the first nation on earth to abandon hydrocarbons for (both) geological and political reasons: Iceland the First Country to Try Abandoning Gasoline.

Geologist said...

You are correct. Unfortunately geologists still do not understand planet earth and they are slaves of their own models that only exist within the mind who was created. I think it is necessary more integration between geology and astrophysics. It's a good step to begin study earth formation by accretion and its evolution including primordial hydrocarbons and other volatiles materials such as helium, hydrogen, radon, nitrogen. Laws of physics cannot be neglected and geology models frequently ignore these laws. About earthquakes, I believe that ideas of Dr. Thomas Gold need reach mind of geologists and other scientists too. I think we can save lives if we understand the real cause of earthquakes and predict them probably will better.


Anaconda said...

(Thanks Geologist for your comment.)

How did hydrocarbon get embedded in lava?

That is the question one has to ask himself, isn't it?

It would seem that lava because of its high temperature at the time of its emission from the bowels of the Earth would be far too hot for oil formed from squashed plants (or micro-organisms like algae) to get embedded into the lava.

But it's the association between hydrocarbons and volcanic activity that is important to remember.

There are numerous instances of hydrocarbons and volcanic activity being associated with each other. Please refer to the left-hand side-bar under Volcanic Oil.

"Peak" oil advocates (read "fossil" fuel) almost always try and sever the link between hydrocarbons and volcanic activity.


Because should the general public ever firmly associate the two ideas together -- say a gas station chain with the name, "Volcanic Gas", along with the slogan, "An Eruption of Power with every Tank Full" -- then the "Peak" oil mantra would dead and burried.

Volcanic activity & hydrocarbon formation go together like...well..."bread & butter".

Anaconda said...


I've had the privilege to watch pillow lava being deposited underwater as shown by underwater photography (movie) off the big island of Hawaii.


To think that hydrocarbons can survive the deposition process and not be seperated into its constituent parts, carbon and hydrogen, confirms the hydrocarbon bond when not exposed to oxygen is remarkably stable.

Again, how hydrocarbons get into lava, unless a basic constituent of the primordial crust with no connection to squashed plants or algae, but rather of an abiotic origin, is difficult to explain.

"Fossil" theorists have some explaining to do.

Don't hold your breath waiting, though.

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