"Today’s obsession with ‘progress’ – a straight line from one accomplishment to another – blinds us to the lost realities of our past. Our research reveals a legacy closer to the ideas of the ancients." -- Rand and Rose Flem-Ath, scholars, 2010
Pringle, H., Primitive Humans Conquered Sea Surprising Finds Suggest, National Geographic, Feb 2010
Prehistoric axes found on a Greek island suggest that seafaring existed in the Mediterranean more than a hundred thousand years earlier than thought. ...UPDATE: Until now, scientists honestly believed boats evolved in 5000 B.C.
Crete has been surrounded by vast stretches of sea for some five million years. The discovery of the hand ax suggests that people besides technologically modern humans—possibly Homo heidelbergensis—island-hopped across the Mediterranean tens of thousands of millennia earlier than expected.
Many researchers have hypothesized that the early humans of this time period were not capable of devising boats or navigating across open water. But the new discoveries hint that these human ancestors were capable of much more sophisticated behavior than their relatively simple stone tools would suggest.
"I was flabbergasted," said Boston University archaeologist and stone-tool expert Curtis Runnels. "The idea of finding tools from this very early time period on Crete was about as believable as finding an iPod in King Tut's tomb."
Duce, J., 'Oldest Boat' Found In Egypt, BBC, Nov 2000
Lawler, A., Report of Oldest Boat Hints at Early Trade Routes, Science, Volume 296, Number 5574, Pages 1791-1792, Jun 2002
Oldest Boat Unearthed, China.Org, Dec 2002
8,000 Year Old Dug Out Canoe On Show In Italy, Archaeo News, Sep 2005